The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt.In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in a plane crash.This threatened the British Empire's control of the Suez Canal and Mandatory Palestine.General Claude Auchinleck withdrew the Eighth Army to within 80 kilometres (50 mi) of Alexandria to a point where the Qattara Depression came to within 64 kilometres (40 mi) of El Alamein on the coast.The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, as well as the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.The Panzer Army Africa (Panzerarmee Afrika), composed of German and Italian infantry and mechanised units under Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel, had struck deep into Egypt by 12 July 1942 after its success at the Battle of Gazala.The British victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa.The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first major success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941.
First, stakeholders had to negotiate relatively new formal and informal multisectoral remits; and how to reconcile the differing expectations of transport specialists, who tended to emphasise the importance of precedence in guiding action, and health specialists’ concern for the rigour and synthesis of research evidence.
In 1976 the Court held the new death penalty statutes in Florida, Georgia, and Texas as constitutional and reinstated the death penalty in those states.
Supreme Court declared that capital punishment, as it was employed at the time at the state and federal level, was unconstitutional.
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) and the Board of Criminal Justice were created in 1989 (House Bill 2335, 71st Texas Legislature, Regular Session).
The Department manages offenders in state prisons, state jails and contracted private correctional facilities.